Liver Disease Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Liver Disease Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Liver Disease: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Liver Disease Symptoms, Causes and Treatment. Do you know how much important organ liver is? It is the most important organ of human body. To keep the body healthy, it has to perform many functions such as digesting food, storing glycogen, synthesizing plasma proteins, detoxifying drugs or other chemicals, producing bile, filtrating blood, etc. In a word, liver is a power station in the human body on which the health of our body depends on many other things so we understand that it's importancy. To keep the liver healthy, we all need to raise awareness about complex diseases of liver. If it is good, then the chances of developing liver disease are less. So we need to be very well aware of its care, causes, disease, and treatment. Therefore, realizing its importance, the symptoms, prevention, and treatment of all the complex liver diseases have been described here. Let's know

Cause of Liver Disease

The most common causes for damaging liver:


The most common cause of liver damage is excessive alcohol consumption. Excessive alcohol consumption reduces the liver's ability to eliminate toxins. The components of alcohol cause fat to accumulate in the liver. This can lead to serious diseases such as liver damage, fatty liver, and even liver cancer.


Viruses can cause disease in the liver, it causing inflammation that reduces liver function. Normally viruses that cause liver damage can be spread through blood, contaminated food, or water, etc. We see the most common types of liver infection are hepatitis viruses, These are:

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C


Insomnia is a common problem in many of us. These insomnia problems or insufficient sleep can damage your liver. According to the Journal of Anatomy, insufficient sleep produces oxidative stress. Another study by the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine revealed that people who suffer from sleep problems at night suffer from obesity, diabetes, heart disease as well as liver problems. Also, going to bed late and waking up late are the causes of liver damage. This causes the complete opposite of the physical cycle to occur and its deadly adverse effects on the liver afterward.


We know that "smoking is poison". This smoking causes damaging your liver. Cigarettes directly affect the liver. Cigarette smoke directly affects the liver and produces oxidative stress. This oxidative stress kills liver tissue through fibrosis. Not only this, but it also interferes with the daily functioning of the liver.


Overeating is harmful to liver. Many people do not eat for a long time and eat a lot at once. This causes a sudden increase in pressure on the liver and there is a risk of liver damage.

Irregularity of Breakfast

Not eating breakfast is bad for the liver. Since the stomach is empty for a long time, the liver also loses its function due to a lack of food along with other organs.

Eating Too Much Raw Food

Eating too much raw food is also harmful to the liver. For example, if you eat a lot of raw fruits or vegetables, you have to do extra work for the digestion of the digestive system. It also affects the liver. So don’t overeat.

Bad Oil

Bad oils and excessively oily foods are deadly harmful to the liver. Frequent fried foods or burnt oil foods in the same oil cause the liver to lose its normal function.

Symptoms of Liver Disease

  • Jaundice
  • High Fever
  • Vomit 
  • Itching of the skin.
  • Desire to vomit.
  • Dark yellow urine.
  • White and yellowing of the eyes.

Symptoms of Chronic Liver Disease Include:

  • Jaundice.
  • Abdominal pain and swelling.
  • Desire to vomit.
  • Vomit
  • Swelling of the ankles and feet.
  • Itching.
  • Spider navy (blood vessels that look like small red spiders on the skin).
  • Anorexia nervosa.
  • Weight loss.
  • Even if you do very little, there are weaknesses.
  • Sores fall easily.

When liver disease progresses to serotonin, new symptoms such as:

  • Blood in vomit (hematemesis).
  • Bleeding from the anus.
  • Fluid accumulation in the stomach (ascites).

In addition to the above symptoms, some diseases of the liver show some characteristic symptoms that are consistent with the above symptoms. If cirrhosis is not treated properly, then the liver will fail. It is an emergency of treatment that can lead to severe disorientation, confusion, bad breath, and accompanied by numbness and coma.

Treatment of Liver disease

Liver disease is treated according to the diagnosis. In some final cases, when treatment is no longer possible to cure the disease, treatment is given only to relieve the symptoms of the disease or to reduce the complications of the disease. The most commonly used medical procedures include:

Antibiotic Treatment

When the liver is swollen, antibiotics are given. But in severe cases, pus should be removed and antibiotics should be injected intravenously so that the patient recovers quickly.

Anti-virus Treatment

Antiviral drugs are usually used for a long time to treat chronic hepatitis B and C infections caused by viral infections.

Combination Therapy

It is also used in cases of autoimmune hepatitis. In this therapy, a combination of corticosteroids, immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory drugs is given. These drugs reduce the over-activity of the body's immune system and inflammation of the liver.

Recurrence of Hemorrhage

It is used in hereditary hemochromatosis. In this method, blood is drawn from the veins to reduce the high iron levels in the body.

Adjuvant Therapy

Some enzymes or proteins are applied to the liver. These pills act as adjuvant drugs and reduce the pressure on the liver cells.

Surgical Treatment or Liver Transplantation

If the disease is severe and remission is not possible, a liver transplant is performed. This transplant can be cadaveric where a complete liver transplant from a deceased person is performed or some part of a living donor's liver is transplanted. In most cases, liver disease is treated by lifestyle changes with combination therapy. It is also important to evaluate liver function and ultrasound regularly and carefully.

Changes of Lifestyle

Liver disease can affect a person's normal daily activities. In particular, a number of lifestyle changes are needed to deal with chronic problems so that the disease and its associated symptoms do not get worse. Some diseases are treated through lifestyle changes, such as stopping drinking, losing weight, and achieving an ideal BMI. The lifestyle changes that are made to treat liver disease are:

  • Avoid Alcohol: To Take Alcohol is one of the most common causes of liver disease progression or worsening, it is always advisable to limit alcohol consumption or to give it up altogether.
  • Meal Planning: Take limited meals frequently throughout the day, as eating too many foods at once or eating fat-rich foods will increase the pressure on the liver and cause damage.
  • Change of Diet: Liver involves in the metabolism of proteins. So liver disease can disrupt protein metabolism. Therefore, it is important to include more carbohydrates in the diet, which helps to provide energy for a longer period of time. Protein should not be eaten because the liver may not adequately metabolize protein. As a result, some toxic by-products can accumulate in the body and affect the brain. People with hemochromatosis should take less vitamin C as it increases the absorption of iron from food.
  • Avoid Painkillers: Almost all pain medications are metabolized in the liver and almost all of them are hepatotoxic (have a bad effect on the liver). Therefore, any kind of painkillers should not be taken without a doctor's advice.
  • Refrain From Smoking: Smoking is a known cause of liver damage. So, to avoid liver damage, it is better to avoid smoking.
  • Vaccination: A damaged liver can be easily affected by the hepatitis virus. Virus infections can cause liver cancer. So get yourself vaccinated against the hepatitis virus. This will reduce the complexity.
  • Weight Control: Achieving the goal of weight loss or BMI helps reduce fat deposits and thereby further reduces liver damage. At the same time, it helps to reduce more ancillary symptoms.


Actually, awareness is the biggest cure for keeping our liver healthy. Since the liver is called the powerhouse of the body, the consequences of liver disease can be widespread and frightening in some cases. With the right treatment at the right time, in many cases, complete recovery and complications can be achieved. Hopefully, the complex liver diseases, symptoms, and treatments mentioned will make you more interested in taking care of the liver.

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